Surely, the perfect literature review should perform the following functions: relate precisely to the thesis and the studying issue, summarize all known information, determine controversial areas in terms of literature sources and state the problems that need solution. However you organise it, your review should highlight important aspects of the literature; especially areas that you wish to address or improve on. He appreciates the diversity and kindness of the people here, and says, “All they do is help you grow. In general, dissertation contents are a brief outline of your research paper. Unless something comes up which is particularly important, stick to this list, as it is very easy to get sidetracked, particularly on the internet.
In general, this section will be directly influenced by such factors as the dissertation objecitve, the field of study and the nature of the dissertation issues. In most disciplines, the aim is for the reader to reach the end of the literature review with a clear appreciation of what you are doing; why you are doing it; and how it fits in with other research in your field. You need to present evidence that supports your choice of instrument over those not chosen. Is there a logic to the way you organised the material. Actually, in this section of investigation an author should prove his/ her abilities to research, analyze the available literature and obtain credible research results.
Within each of these sections, you would then discuss what the different literature argues, remembering to link this to your own purpose. See an example mind map. Usually the dissertation appendix includes all diagrams and schemes that have been used by the student while writing the dissertation. • to define and limit the problem you are working on
• to place your study in an historical perspective
• to avoid unnecessary duplication
• to evaluate promising research methods
• to relate your findings to previous knowledge and suggest further research.
The term ‘bibliography’ can cause confusion, as some people use it interchangeably with the term ‘reference list’; but they are two different things. Then, you have to mention the reason why you are completing this dissertation. You can find the contact details for the Information Librarian for your own area via the Library web pages. In general, this section will be directly influenced by such factors as the dissertation objecitve, the field of study and the nature of the dissertation issues. : using the exact words of the author, rather than putting the idea into your own words at the point where you are still reading.
This mind map and its sections can also be the subsections that you use for storing the results of your research e. If your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional. This person can help you identify relevant sources, and create effective electronic searches:. This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years.
It is also possible that, in a viva, you will be asked why you didn’t use that method, and you will be well-prepared to answer in detail. Surely, the perfect literature review should perform the following functions: relate precisely to the thesis and the studying issue, summarize all known information, determine controversial areas in terms of literature sources and state the problems that need solution. One way of doing this is to examine each paragraph in turn, and to write in the margin a very brief summary of the content, and the type of content e. Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian. In your review of literature you are expected to do the following:.
Perhaps if you modify your search strategy you will find something. In this approach you begin by discussing the topic in the most general of terms, and then gradually narrow the focus of the discussion to become closer and closer to the topic or purpose of the present study. It is obligatory for any dissertation as the standard for both PhD and Master’s degrees. Through the course project, Structure of the Review of Literature, students will learn how to create a literature review that is scholarly, informative, and persuasive. The common sections to be stated in your table of contents are as follows: introduction, literature review, methodology, results and discussion, bibliography, appendices. However you organise it, your review should highlight important aspects of the literature; especially areas that you wish to address or improve on.
You need to write a review that demonstrates that you understand the literature on your topic, have wrestled with the ideas, and have synthesized the issues in a unique way
With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins. Help is available regarding how to avoid plagiarism and it is worth checking it out. In addition, they should know the weaknesses of past studies and how your research contributes to this field in the advancement of knowledge. Those who read the review should clearly understand the reasons for selecting your research area or question, its relationship to past work, and the central procedures that have been employed by past investigations. Who will benefit the most from this piece of writing. When dealing with many variables, it is useful to write a separate section on each variable in the review (Cone & Foster, 1993; Newman et al.